Fungi Foray into Draethen woods

Yesterday (6th November) was everything that is great about Autumn. A carpet of leaves shushing under foot, a cloudless sky with piercing sunlight, the leaves still on the trees a spectrum of red, gold and brown, patches of warmth where the sun penetrates into a wood and a life-affirming bitterly cold wind which makes you very proud to have a thermos of tea waiting for you in the car.

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Autumn glory by Annie Irving

It was in these conditions that around 50 members of the Mary Gillham Project, the Cardiff Group of the Wildlife Trust of South and West Wales and some independents joined the Glamorgan Fungus Group in the Llwyn Hir woods in search of fun(gi).

Within metres of the carpark there were brackets, candlesnuff and honey fungus and over the next few hours over 45 species of fungi were seen (and we’d only walked about 6 or 700 metres) but we’re sure that our list is not complete and we’ll be adding to it as people let us know what’s missing!

I personally have a soft spot for jelly babies, not least because they are relatively easy to identify, and I was not disappointed. There were also blewitts, woodwarts and scalycaps, discos, elf cups and turkey tail along with rusts, crusts and slimes. A list as impressive as it is expressive.

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Thanks goes to the all of the participants who were extraordinarily willing to crawl on their hands and knees to find beech mast candlesnuff, kiss waxcaps or have a little nibble on a sulpher tuft.

Our embryonic species list is below – if you can add to it please leave a comment or get in touch… We’re also keen to hear of any other things you saw, plants, invertebrates, birds… Thanks also to Chris for the invert list which includes 6 snail and 6 slug species!

You can download the species list that Roy Perry, Rob and Linda Nottage and Mary Gillham from these woods here, read Annie’s report from our trip here and if you’d like to see Mary Gillham’s pictures of these woods, kindly click here! Thanks also to Annie and Nat for taking the photos.

Fungi
Amanita sp. Possibly Death Cap Amanita phalloides
Armillaria gallica Bulbous Honey Fungus
Armillaria mellea Honey Fungus
Ascocoryne sarcoides Purple Jellydisc
Auricularia auricula-judae Jew’s Ear, aka Jelly Ear or Wood Ear
Bisporella citrina Lemon Disco
Bjerkandera adusta Smoky Bracket
Chlorociboria sp. Green Elfcup. C. aeruginascens or C. aeruginosa
Clavaria vermicularis White Spindles
Collybia sp.
Coprinus sp. Possibly Shaggy Inkcap
Coprinus sp. Possibly Common Inkcap
Crepidotus mollis Soft Slipper Toadstool aka Peeling oysterling
Diatrype disciformis Beech Barkspot
Ganoderma sp. Bracket Fungus, G. adspersum or G. applanatum
Hydnum sp. Possibly Hydnum repandum Hedgehog Fungus
Hygrocybe conica Conical Wax-Cap aka Witch’s Hat
Hygrophorus eburneus Ivory Woodwax
Hypholoma fasciculare Sulphur Tuft
Hypoxylon fragiforme Beech Woodwart
Hypholoma marginatum

Hypoxylon fuscum

Snakeskin Brownie

Hazel Woodwart

Lactarius aurantiacus Orange Milkcap
Leotia lubrica Jellybaby
Lepista sp. Blewitt, possibly Lepista nuda Wood Blewitt
Lycogala sp. Orange slime mould
Lycoperdon pyriforme Stump Puffball
Mycena sp. Tiny white mycena on leaves
Mycena diosma
Mycena vitilis Snapping Bonnet
Pholiota squarrosa Shaggy Scalycap
Phragmidium bulbosum Rubus leaf rust fungus
Phragmidium violaceum Violet Bramble Rust
Postia sp. A crust fungus
Psathyrella sp. One of the Brittlestem fungi
Rhodocollybia butyracea Greasy Tough-Shank aka Butter Cap
Sarea resinae An ascomycete
Terana coerulea Cobalt crust
Thelephora terrestris Earth-Fan
Trametes gibbosa Lumpy Bracket
Trametes versicolor Turkeytail
Tricholoma terreum Grey Knight
Xylaria carpophila Beechmast Candlesnuff
Xylaria hypoxylon Candlesnuff Fungus
Xylaria longipes Dead Moll’s Fingers
Xylaria polymorpha Dead Man’s Fingers
Invertebrates
Glomeris marginata Pill Millipede
Chordeuma proximum Millipede
Cylindroiulus punctatus Blunt-tailed Snake Millipede
Blaniulus guttulatus Red-spotted Millipede
Polydesmus angustus A Flat-backed Millipede
Hylebainosoma nontronenisis Recently found Millipede species for Britain
Leptoiulus belgicus Millipede
Nanogona polydesmoides Eyed Flat-backed Millipede
Haplophthalmus mengii A Pygmy Woodlouse
Oniscus asellus Common Shiny Woodlouse
Trichoniscus pusillus Common Pygmy Woodlouse
Strigamia crassipes A Centipede
Cryptops hortensis A Centipede
Lithobius melanops A Centipede
Lithobius variegatus  A Centipede
Selenochlamys ysbryda Ghost Slug
Arion distinctus Slug
Arion owenii Slug
Lehmannia marginata Tree slug
Arion flagellus Slug
Arion rufus Slug
Oxychilus allarius A Glass Snail
Oxychilus helvaticus A Glass Snail
Vitrea crystallina A Glass Snail
Cochlodina laminata A Door Snail
Cepaea nemoralis Brown Lipped Snail
Discus rotundatus Discus Snail
Microplana terrestris A Native Flatworm
Coelotes atropos A Spider
Anoplotrupes stercorosus A Dung Beetle

One thought on “Fungi Foray into Draethen woods

  1. Pingback: Sir David Attenborough at Coed y Bedw – Mary Gillham Archive Project

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